The Copyright Act gives the author exclusive right to authorise the reproduction of his or her works aka making copies. However, copies of musical works are made by recording the work on a sound or data carrier such as a CD, DVD, computer hard drive or on any other storage device, film, etc.
In case a user wants to record music in order to use it in a commercial or to modify a work (e.g. make an arrangement or create Estonian lyrics), it is necessary to obtain a licence directly from the right holders of the musical works. However, in that case, EAÜ will provide assistance with relevant contacts.
In order to record a musical work from an already existing sound carrier it is also necessary to obtain a licence from the producer of the original sound carrier and from the performers of the musical work.
Unauthorized recordings (e.g. from the radio) may only be made for personal use (scientific research, teaching, etc.).
EAÜ's authorization is not needed:
1. For recording a musical work, all authors (composer, lyricist, arranger) of which have died more than 70 years ago;
2. For recording works of folklore (unless they have been arranged);
3. For recording works of right holders who are not members of EAÜ or other colletive management organizations and whose permission must be asked directly.
It is important to always check with EAÜ whether using a work is free or if right holders are represented by EAÜ before recording a sound or video carrier.